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It is better adapted to poor soils & soil alkalinity than jute. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. Jute Cultivation Guide: Jute Cultivation. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. New questions in Social Sciences. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. The plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis from which the fibre is obtained, are native to the Indian subcontinent and are grown throughout the year. India is the largest Jute producing country in the world, with annual production estimated at more 1.968 million tones. After cotton, jute is the most important vegetable fibre in … Cotton and jute are the two most important fibre crops of India. jute is a fibre crop. About Jute. Environment-friendly and bio-degradable, jute is an important cash crop for India and Bangladesh, exported to many foreign countries. Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. ; Jute (Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L.) is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India.Exported as goods and as raw fibre. Jute: 12: Which type climate is Required : warm & humid: 13: Fibre is obtained from … by retting: Phloem: 14: Jute is a : Parenchymatus fibre. A great advantage of jute fibre is that, it is environment friendly natural fibre. The production is concentrated in India and Bangladesh. Jute is sown and harvested annually (the White Jute crop usually matures in July, and the Tossa crop slightly later). Jute – Golden Fiber of Bangladesh. Jute is a wonderful crop in the world. Corchorus plants require a tropical climate with high humidity and temperature, which is why the majority of jute cultivation is located in India and Bangladesh. d. For fibre purpose – jute is harvest before flowering Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. b. Jute crop does not have hybrid seeds. It is the crop of hot and humid climate and is exported as goods and as a raw fibre. Jute has been dominating the Indian scene for long, with records of its usage during Mughal rule in the country. These Fibres are used to make things such as cloth, rope, or paper. From the Jute, various lifestyle products are being produced and diversified in to various forms, due to R&D support and also due the support by Govt Organisations. It is essential for almost every country. Jute is in great demand because of the cheapness, softness, strength, length, lustre and uniformity of its fibre. Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or cash-crop of Bangladesh because of it's quality and demand. The jute fibre is a ligno-cellulose fibre that is partially a textile fibre and partially wood. The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Introduction. Kenaf has received the greatest attention because of its greater adaptability & ease of handling than allied fibre … Jute fabric is made out of the vegetable fiber jute, which is known as ‘the golden fiber‘. Crop Calendar for Jute and Allied Fibres 2013 Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibre, Barrackpore, Kolkata, 700120 Page 2 3. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. Jute is a rain-fed crop and its cultivation is concentrated in Bangladesh, India, China, and Thailand. Raw jute was originally considered as a … Raw jute was originally considered as a source of raw material for packaging industries only. Jute cultivation actually enhances soil fertility for future crops; The woody core of the jute plant (called hurd) has the potential to meet the majority of the world’s wood needs. Jute is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called The Golden Fibre. c. Varieties: JRC-321 (Sonali), JRC-212 (Sabuj sona), JRC 7447 (Shyamli), D154, Hybrid C (Padma), KC1 (joydev) etc. This natural fibre earns a lot of foreign currency by its export and its various products. Jute is a rain-fed crop [meaning less irrigated water from freshwater sources are used] Jute needs tropical rainfall, warm weather and high humidity [to grow] Jute crop requires 500 mm of water. In India, Ganga delta region is excellent for jute cultivation as this region has fertile alluvium soil & favourable temperature along with sufficient rainfall. Introduction of Jute: – Jute is an important natural fibre cash crop just like cotton crop and grows well in hot and moist climate. Jute is rightly called the second important fibre crop of India or the golden fibre. Jute (Corchorus sp. It is obtained from the bark of jute plants. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. ), the most important bast (phloem) fiber crop in the world, produces long and shiny fibers that attract diversified product manufacturing companies, including textile and paper.Jute crop improvement research slowed down after facing hurdles of genome complexity, incompatibility among species, and a recalcitrant nature in the tissue culture of jute. New questions in Geography. Jute plays a very important role in the socio-economic activities of the Bangladesh. which type jute is more popular : white jute: 10: Family: Fabiaceae/ Tilliacea: 11: Most important fiber crop in India. It is the cheapest fibre procured from the skin of the plant’s stem. It has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better breathability of fabrics.Jute fibre is 100% biodegradable and recyclable and thus environmentally friendly. Jute fiber is an extremely affordable crop to cultivate. 11Th … It is a long (1-4 meters, or 3-13 feet), soft, and shiny fiber. Which one of the following is not a fibre crop Cotton Rubber Jute Hemp 2 See answers Rashika124 Rashika124 Rubber is not a fiber hope it will help you shashank102183 shashank102183 Answer: Peas is answer of this question . Underutilised at the moment, jute hurd could play a key role in the reduction of deforestation. Jute dicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. The retting process consists of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in low, running water. Fibre crops are crops grown for Fibres. First irrigation is to be given after sowing and life irrigation on fourth day after sowing. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. The crop is mainly grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. F) Jute Fibre Extraction On average, jute yields four times more fibre per acre than flax. Coir, pineapple leaf fibre, banana stem fibre, and kapok fibre are used for different purposes. It was also considered “the wonder crop,” until synthetic fibres entered the market and quickly replaced it. But it Hence, the Golden Fibre Revolution in India is related to jute production. Fibre Crop: Type # 2. 1st stWeeding and thinning 1 Week of April to 4th week of April (15 DAS) In row crop, weeds between rows can be smothered by a wheel hoe fitted with scrappers or … The harvest occurs between June and September depending upon when the seeds were sown. ‘The golden fiber’ is derived from plants in the Chorchorus genus. Cotton provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. Jute Cultivation in India: Conditions, Method, Production and Distribution! Because the soil origin, composition, & colour do not affect Kenaf. Because of its colours and high cash value, Jute is known as a golden fibre. Explanation: because the jute contains fibrey material. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Jute is a rain-fed crop with little need for fertilizer or pesticides. Cultivation of Jute. The fibre after drying is taken to Jute mills, for getting converted to Jute yarn and Hessian /Gunny Fabrics/ bags. Experimental use of jute fibre in commercial papermaking has proved moderately successful and may eventually supplement pine and spruce as papermaking fibres. The fibres are first extracted by retting. Since 1942 many countries have begun research studies on substitute fibres. the three most notable examples include: Cotton Cotton is the most popular and widely used fibre crop. It also has a high cash value. In India the most important bast fibre crops are Jute (Corchorus olitorius and C. capsularis), Men have been trying their best to find out substitutes for jute but their efforts have not been so successful. It is a kind of fiber. Diseases of Jute and allied fibre crops and their management INTRODUCTION Bast fibres are basically stem/bark fibres composed of sclerenchyma cells united together into small or large strands or bundles, arranged in the form of layer(s). #Jute is an incredible fibre: #sustainable, affordable, fast … To extract the fibre, the jute bundles are submersed in water and left for a few days until the fibres come loose and are ready for stripping from the stalk, then washed and dried. Jute, and mesta are the major cash crops of Bangladesh. The fibre is extracted from the bark of the stem of various jute species and goes through an elaborate processing cycle before becoming a finished jute product. India and Bangladesh produce the greatest amounts of Jute in the world, and global production is estimated at more than 3.3 million tones each year. Among them jute predominates in all respects such as production, manufacture, export, crop area, technology, economy, and industry. The jute fibre comes from the stem and ribbon (outer skin) of the jute plant. hii guys good morning ️what's going on ️ ️ ️ Jute is a golden fibre as well as a major cash crop of Bangladesh. Jute is an annual herb also known as Tossa Jute. jute fabric. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. Jute: a. Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. D) Cultivation of Jute This is a fibre crop that you will not be able to grow in European back gardens as jute needs tropical rainfall, warm weather and high humidity. 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